|Sources||Umbilical Cord and Placenta||Umbilical Cord||Bone Marrow|
|Collection||Collect cord blood from the placenta and umbilical cord after the infant is delivered||Cut the umbilical cord into small pieces after cord blood collection||An invasive procedure which requires a general anesthesia. At least 4-6 months preparation, extracting 1L from the rear of the pelvic bone through a series of injections|
|Age of Stem Cells||0||0||Same age as the donor|
|Main Functions|| Cancers
| Differentiation: Adipose, Cartilage, Muscle, Skin, Nerve Cells, etc.
Aging Diseases: Arthritis, Bone Fractures, etc.
Chronic Diseases: Diabetes, Hepatitis, etc.
Serious Illnesses: Stroke, Myocardial Infarction, etc.
|Stem Cells Concentration||Highest HSCs||Highest MSCs||Lower HSCs & MSCs|
|Graft-versus-host Disease(GvHD)||Lower chance(None for self transplantation)||Lower(Helps increasing the success rate of HSCs transplants and minimizing GvHD)||GvHD is the main problem after transplantation and can be fatal in up to 40% of patients|
|Side Effect||No||No||Danger and pain of anesthesia|
|Donor's Willingness||No||No||Difficult to find donor|